"The hoplite was a heavy infantryman, the central focus of warfare in Ancient Greece. The word hoplite (Greekὁπλίτης, hoplitēs) derives from hoplon (ὅπλον, plural hopla, ὅπλα) meaning an item of armour or equipment. These soldiers probably first appeared in the late seventh century BC. They were a citizen-militia and were armed as spearmen in a phalanx formation. They were relatively easy to equip and maintain; and could afford the cost of the armaments. Almost all the famous men of ancient Greece, even philosophers and playwrights, fought as hoplites"
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